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Trivia Quiz: The Papineau Family and the “Petite Nation” Seigneurie

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--February 20, 2019.

1. The Parish municipality of Saint-Angélique, from which Papineauville would separate in 1894 for 104 years, was formed in 1855 and was named after which member of Louis-Joseph Papineau’s family?
a. His mother
b. His youngest sister
c. His sister in law, the wife of Denis-Benjamin Papineau
d. His oldest daughter

2. Who is considered the founder of Papineauville?
a. Louis-Joseph Papineau
b. Denis-Benjamin Papineau
c. Joseph Papineau
d. François Papineau

3. Why was this member of the Papineau family considered the founder of Papineauville?
a. He built an important flour mill on a small waterfall on the Saint-Amedée River
b. He established the first post-office in the area and the second in all of the Outaouais region
c. He was the first to have it registered as a municipality in 1822
d. All of the above
e. a and b only

4. Which well-known Canadian politician would become the first mayor of Papineauville in 1896 at age 22?
a. Sir Wilfrid Laurier
b. Henri Bourassa
c. Robert Borden
d. Maurice Duplessis

5. Members of which group of Indigenous peoples, living in the “Petite Nation”, were evangelized in 1625 by Père Lebreuf and later massacred and tortured by the Iroquois in 1654?
a. Inuit
b. Seneca
c. Blackfoot
d. Algonquian

6. Why did Joseph Papineau, father of Louis-Joseph, turn over the administration of the seigneurie “Petite Nation” to his son Denis-Benjamin Papineau in 1808?
a. He hadn’t found enough economic opportunities to make his venture fruitful
b. He needed to focus more on his career in politics
c. He had purchased another seigneurie where he preferred to spend his time
d. He was ready to retire

7. Which decision, made by Louis-Joseph Papineau once he had taken over the ownership of the “Petite nation” in 1822, encouraged the integration of English-speaking settlers, making the area more bilingual?
a. He provided logging rights in the seigneurie to a nearby Ontario logging company
b. He established a ferry along the Ottawa river to bring English-speaking settlers north to this part of Quebec
c. He gave the seigneurie two official languages
d. He ensured that both French and English newspapers were delivered to the post office

8. What was the annual salary of Asa Cook, the first man to deliver mail by road in the “Petite Nation,” after mail stopped being delivered by boats crossing Pentecost Bay in 1818?
a. $450
b. $2000
c. $150
d. $20

9. By which bank was the Papineauville post office, circa 1870, replaced in 1879?
a. Bank of Montreal
b. Bank of Nova Scotia
c. National Bank
d. Royal Bank

10. By 1927, what other two functions did the post office in Papineauville, then known as “Portage de la Nation,” fulfill?
a. Radio station and train station
b. Telegraph office and town hall
c. Telephone office and general store
d. Mapmakers’ office and emergency broadcast station

11. The Château Montebello, the largest log structure ever built, was constructed in February 1930 using over 10,000 logs. What type of wood was used?
a. Spruce
b. Oak
c. Maple
d. Red cedar

12. Which former Canadian Prime Minister was part of the Seigniory club that exclusively made use of the Château Montebello until 1970?
a. John Diefenbaker
b. Lester B Pearson
c. R. B. Bennett
d. Louis St-Laurent

13. How did Louis-Joseph Papineau, from 1839-45, get to know the French Duke of Montebello after whom he named the Montebello area?
a. The Duke enjoyed vacationing in Canada East in the 1830s and 40s and had visited the area owned by the Papineau family several times
b. The Duke was a French foreign minister and met Papineau on a state visit to Canada
c. Papineau got to know him during his exile to France
d. All of the above

14. Which French Canadian translated the name of the Oueskarini nation, the people that had settled the area of the “Petite Nation” around the year 1000, into “Les gens de la Petite Nation/Rivière” – the people of the little nation or river, providing the inspiration for the later naming of the seigneury?
a. Jean-Baptiste Colbert
b. Samuel de Champlain
c. Louis Pasteur
d. Jacques Cartier

15. How long did it take Joseph Papineau, the father of Louis-Joseph, to reach “La Petite Nation” by canoe from Montreal at the time that he purchased the seigneury in 1801?
a. 8 days
b. 3 weeks
c. 2 and a half days
d. 5 weeks

16. Which factor(s) caused the logging operation of American businessman Robert Fletcher in the “Petite Nation” to fail, obliging him to turn it over to Joseph Papineau?
a. The American loggers he employed were unaccustomed to working in the harsh Quebec winters
b. His sawmill was severely damaged in a flood
c. The “Petite Nation” River was not straight enough for logs to flow down easily
d. All of the above

17. Why did the Paroisse of Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours, the first Catholic church in the Outaouais region, struggle to retain its priests, making it necessary that it be served by itinerant priests?
a. There was resistance in this community to Catholicism in the early 1800s
b. The community was relatively isolated
c. The living conditions were difficult, discouraging the settlement of permanent clergy
d. All of the above
e. b and c only

18. Why did North Nation Mills, mills developed by the Papineau family which turned the “Petite Nation” into an industrial centre, stop operating in 1926?
a. Gatineau Power decided to dam the river
b. There was a lack of softwood reserves in the area
c. Sawing wood in electric mills was more efficient and profitable
d. Both b and c

19. Why was the Plaisance park a high traffic area for Indigenous peoples over several centuries?
a. It is located at the crossing of two rivers and is thus ideal for trading
b. It is located on high ground beside a river and was thus a natural strategic defence position
c. Groups in canoes would stop there to camp overnight before continuing on their journey upriver
d. It is home to a large beaver population that several Indigenous nations would hunt

20. Why did economic activity in “Petite Nation” become of particular importance to England in 1807?
a. England was forced to rely on her colonies for wood due to the Napoleonic blockade
b. By this year, almost all forests in England had been cut down so new lumber sources were needed
c. The wood in this area was well suited to shipbuilding
d. All of the above
e. a and c only

*Duncan Crabtree, a History student at Bishop's University in Sherbrooke, interned with QAHN in 2019.

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